Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

Rapid and sensitive LC-MS/MS method for determination of felbamate in mouse plasma and tissues and human plasma.

PMID 21081288


Felbamate (2-phenyl-1,3-propanediol dicarbamate) is a second generation antiepileptic drug used to treat seizures refractory to other antiepileptic drugs. With approximately 3500 new patients exposed annually, several important pharmacologic interaction questions remain unanswered necessitating the need for rapid and accurate methods of felbamate analysis in biological matrices. To this end, a rapid liquid chromatography tandem mass spectrometry (LC-MS/MS) method was developed for the measurement of felbamate in mouse plasma and tissues and human plasma. Plasma (100 μL) and tissues homogenates (100 μL of 100 mg/mL) were spiked with internal standard (carisoprodol) prior to protein precipitation with acetonitrile. Samples were chromatographed on a XBridge Phenyl, 2.5 μm, 4.6 mm×50 mm column with quantitation by internal standard reference monitoring of the ion transitions m/z 239→117 for felbamate and m/z 261→176 for carisoprodol. Calibration curves were linear from 2.5 to 500 ng/mL in mouse or human plasma and 25-5000 pg/mg in tissue homogenates. Recoveries were greater than 97% for plasma and homogenates with accuracies >92% in any of the mouse matrices and >88% in human plasma. Comparable accuracies and precision were found with and without the use of the internal standard in preparation of the calibration curves and suggest that the internal standard may not be required.

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