Applied microbiology and biotechnology

Cloning, sequencing, and overexpression in Escherichia coli of the Enterobacter sp. Px6-4 gene for ferulic acid decarboxylase.

PMID 21085952


Ferulic acid decarboxylase (FADase) can catalyze the transformation of ferulic acid into 4-vinyl guaiacol via decarboxylation in microorganisms. In this study, a gene encoding FADase was first isolated from the bacterium Enterobacter sp. Px6-4 using degenerate primers and a genome walking technique. The putative encoding gene (fad) of FADase consists of 507-bp nucleotides, coding a polypeptide of 168 amino acid residues. In addition, a putative gene encoding the transcriptional regulator was identified from the upstream of the fad gene. The deduced peptide sequence of the FADase from Enterobacter sp. Px6-4 showed a 51.2-53.3% sequence identity to decarboxylases from other bacteria. The gene fad was successfully expressed in Escherichia coli BL21, and the recombinant FADase was purified as a protein of ca. 23 kDa with an optimal activity at pH 4.0 and 28 °C. The purified FADase could convert ferulic acid to 4-vinyl guaiacol effectively, and its hydrolytic activity could be inhibited by Cu(2+) (99%) and Hg(2+) (99.5%). A phylogenetic analysis of the FADase protein from bacteria revealed several different clades. Our result provided a basis for further studies of the ferulic acid transformation pathway and for enhanced production of vanillin in the future.

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2-Methoxy-4-vinylphenol, ≥98%, FG