Journal of invertebrate pathology

Benzylideneacetone, an eicosanoid biosynthesis inhibitor enhances baculovirus pathogenicity in the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella.

PMID 21112333


Benzylideneacetone (BZA) is a monoterpenoid compound produced by an entomopathogenic bacterium, Xenorhabdus nematophila. BZA inhibits phospholipase A(2) to suppress biosynthesis of eicosanoids that mediate immune responses in insects. In response to per os infection of Autographa californica multiple nucleopolyhedrosis virus (AcMNPV), the diamondback moth, Plutella xylostella, developed red spots on the midgut epithelium. The midgut exhibiting red spot formation suffered abnormal cell integrity, such as genomic DNA fragmentation and condensed spots in the nucleoplasm. The number of red spots increased with viral dose and incubation time after the viral treatment. BZA inhibited the formation of the midgut red spots in a dose-dependent manner. However, the inhibitory effect of BZA on the red spot formation was reversed by addition of arachidonic acid, suggesting that the red spot response may be mediated by eicosanoids. BZA treatment resulted in significant enhancement of AcMNPV occlusion body (OB) pathogenicity to P. xylostella.

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