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American journal of physiology. Regulatory, integrative and comparative physiology

Evidence for basolateral Cl- channels as modulators of apical Cl- secretion in pulmonary epithelia of Xenopus laevis.


PMID 21123756

Abstract

Pulmonary epithelia of air-breathing vertebrates are covered by a thin, fluid layer that is essential for immune defense and gas diffusion. The composition of this layer is maintained by ion transport mechanisms, including Cl(-) transport. The present study focuses on the function of basolateral Cl(-) channels in Xenopus pulmonary epithelia, since knowledge concerning this issue is limited. Therefore, Ussing chamber measurements were performed, and transepithelial short-circuit currents (I(SC)) were monitored. Basolateral application of the Cl(-) channel inhibitor N-phenylanthranilic acid (DPC) resulted in an increase of the I(SC), indicating a DPC-sensitive Cl(-) conductance. This observation was confirmed in experiments using an apical-to-basolateral Cl(-) gradient, with and without nystatin (apical side) to permeabilize the epithelia as well as by establishing an iodide gradient. The DPC-sensitive Cl(-) conductance was influenced by procedures interfering with apical Cl(-) secretion. For example, the effect of forskolin was increased when basolateral Cl(-) channels were blocked by the simultaneous application of DPC. Activation of apical Cl(-) secretion by forskolin/IBMX and subsequent DPC application resulted in a significantly reduced DPC effect. Accordingly, DPC led to an increased apical Cl(-) secretion estimated by an increased 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino)benzoic acid-sensitive I(SC). Furthermore, inhibition of basolateral anion exchangers responsible for Cl(-) uptake resulted in a decreased DPC-sensitive current. Taken together, we have evidence concerning the function of basolateral Cl(-) channels in Xenopus pulmonary epithelium and that these channels play a significant role in mediating apical Cl(-) secretion involving a novel Cl(-) recycling mechanism across the basolateral membrane.

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