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Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

Reduced expression of β2 integrin genes in rat peripheral leukocytes by inhibiting postprandial hyperglycemia.


PMID 21150098

Abstract

β(2) integrins (CD11s/CD18) promote the attachment of leukocytes to vascular endothelial cells. We performed in this study sucrose loading to rats with moderate postprandial hyperglycemia with/without once-daily dosing of the α-glucosidase inhibitor, miglitol, for 4 days under 4-h fasting conditions. The streptozotocin (STZ)-treated rats showed moderate postprandial hyperglycemia on days 1 and 4. The gene expression was higher for CD11a with fasting and 3-h postprandial on day 1, and with fasting on day 4, for CD11b with fasting on day 1 and 3-h postprandial on day 4, and for CD18 with fasting on days 1 and 4 in peripheral leukocytes from the STZ-treated rats than in peripheral leukocytes from the saline-treated rats. Miglitol reduced postprandial hyperglycemia and the gene expression of CD11a with fasting and of CD11b 3-h postprandial on day 4. These results indicate that inhibiting postprandial hyperglycemia reduced the mRNA expression of β(2) integrins in peripheral leukocytes of moderately postprandial hyperglycemic rats.

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M1574 Miglitol
C8H17NO5