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Proceedings of the National Academy of Sciences of the United States of America

Complete sequence of human vinculin and assignment of the gene to chromosome 10.


PMID 2116004

Abstract

We have determined the complete sequence of human vinculin, a cytoskeletal protein associated with cell-cell and cell-matrix junctions. Comparison of human and chicken embryo vinculin sequences shows that both proteins contain 1066 amino acids and exhibit a high level of sequence identity (greater than 95%). The region of greatest divergence falls within three 112-amino acid repeats spanning residues 259-589. Interestingly, nematode vinculin lacks one of these central repeats. The regions of human vinculin that are N- and C-terminal to the repeats show 54% and 61% sequence identity, respectively, to nematode vinculin. Southern blots of human genomic DNA hybridized with short vinculin cDNA fragments indicate that there is a single vinculin gene. By using a panel of human-rodent somatic cell hybrids, the human vinculin gene was mapped to chromosome 10q11.2-qter.