Journal of biochemical toxicology

Induction of drug metabolism enzymes by dihalogenated biphenyls.

PMID 2119436


The effects of pretreatment with symmetrically dihalogenated biphenyls (DXBs, X-F, Cl(C), Br(B) and I) on rat liver drug metabolism enzymes were investigated. 4,4'-DFB, -DCB, and -DBB as well as 2,2'-DFB appeared to be inducers of microsomal cytochrome P-450-linked monoxygenases (N-demethylases of aminopyrine and ethylmorphine). However, no structure-induction relationship was found. 4,4'-DXBs also induced a cytochrome P-448-linked mono-oxygenase (ethoxyresorufin O-deethylase), and their order of induction potential seemed to parallel the increase of the size of the halogen substituent. Therefore, 4,4'-DXB's may be categorized as mixed-type inducers, the cytochrome P-450 component being the more pronounced. Data on the cytochrome P-448 induction by dihalogenated biphenyls with only para substituents may be considered as a refinement of the previously described structure-activity relationship in this respect. All of the DXBs except 3,3'-DCB and 4,4'-DIB, enhanced, like phenobarbital, the activity of UDP-glucuronyltransferase toward 4-hydroxybiphenyl. Only 4,4'-DFB was able to induce the activity of glutathione S-transferase toward 1,2-epoxy-3-(p-nitrophenoxy)propane. Studies after 4,4'-DBB-treatment revealed, like phenobarbital, a preferential induction of ethylmorphine N-demethylase on rough endoplasmic reticulum-derived microsomes, whereas UDP-glucuronyltransferase activity toward 4-hydroxybiphenyl was induced to a larger extent on smooth endoplasmic reticulum microsomes, suggesting a dissimilar enzyme induction in microsomal subfractions.