Journal of natural medicines

Methyl galbanate, a novel inhibitor of nitric oxide production in mouse macrophage RAW264.7 cells.

PMID 21246298


It is well known that inflammation is associated with various neurodegenerative diseases, such as Parkinson's disease and Alzheimer's disease. An inflammatory mediator, nitric oxide (NO), is produced by inducible NO synthase (iNOS) in microglia and seems to be one of the possible causes of neurodegeneration. Several natural and synthetic compounds which exert anti-inflammatory effects by inhibiting NO production have been reported to date. The aim of this work was to investigate whether any of the 6 terpenoid coumarins (methyl galbanate, galbanic acid, farnesiferol A, badrakemone, umbelliprenin, and aurapten) isolated from Ferula szowitsiana DC. have inhibitory activity against NO production in RAW264.7 mouse macrophage cells stimulated with lipopolysaccharide (LPS) and interferon-γ (IFN-γ). Of the 6 terpenoid coumarins tested, methyl galbanate significantly decreased NO production in LPS/IFN-γ-stimulated RAW264.7 cells. In the presence of methyl galbanate, LPS/IFN-γ-induced iNOS mRNA expression was significantly decreased to 52% of the level found with LPS/IFN-γ stimulation alone. Methyl galbanate slightly attenuated COX-2 mRNA expression. Using the RAW264.7-tsAM5NE co-culture system, we showed that methyl galbanate protected neuronally differentiated tsAM5NE cells from NO-induced cell death by inhibiting the production of NO. Our finding suggests that methyl galbanate may be useful for developing a new drug against neurodegenerative diseases.

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Auraptene, ≥98% (HPLC)