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Brain research

A pronociceptive role for the 5-HT2 receptor on spinal nociceptive transmission: an in vivo electrophysiological study in the rat.


PMID 21276431

Abstract

Serotonin (5-HT) plays a major yet complex role in modulating spinal nociceptive transmission as a consequence of the number of 5-HT receptor subtypes. These include the 5-HT2 receptor, which is further sub classified into 5-HT2A, B and C. Studies have described both a pro- and antinociceptive action following 5-HT2A-receptor activation; therefore, to shed light on the directional nature of spinal 5-HT2A receptor activity, we investigated the effects of spinal administration of the 5-HT2A receptor antagonist, ketanserin, on the evoked responses of dorsal horn neurones to electrical, mechanical and thermal stimulation. We also assessed the effects of systemic administration of ritanserin, a 5-HT2A/2C receptor antagonist and spinal application of (±)-2,5-Dimethoxy-4-iodoamphetamine hydrochloride (DOI) (3.6 and 17.8μg/50μl), a 5-HT2A/2C agonist, on the same evoked neuronal responses. Ketanserin (1, 10 and 100μg/50μl) produced a dose related inhibition of the evoked responses to noxious mechanical punctate and thermal stimuli only. Ritanserin (2mg/kg) replicated the inhibitory effects seen with ketanserin on the natural evoked neuronal responses and also potently inhibited the C-fibre, post discharge, input and wind-up evoked responses. DOI increased the mechanical and thermal evoked responses, an effect reversed by ketanserin. Thus, our findings show that spinal ketanserin (1-100μg/50μl) and systemic ritanserin (2mg/kg), at these doses, have similar antinociceptive effects, whereas the agonist, DOI, produced excitatory effects, on spinal neuronal activity. Our data, therefore, supports a pronociceptive role for 5-HT2 receptors, most likely through modulation of 5-HT2A receptor activity, on spinal nociceptive transmission under normal conditions.

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