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Biochemistry international

The mechanism of initiation of chondroitin sulphate synthesis by beta-D-galactosides.


PMID 2127885

Abstract

Embryonic chicken cartilage was incubated in vitro with phenyl-beta-[6-3H]galactoside and cycloheximide. Free chondroitin sulphate chains initiated by galactoside were isolated and degraded to yield 3-O-beta-D-glucuronosyl D-galactose (GlcA-Gal) derived from the sequence, GlcA-Gal-Gal-Xyl-Ser, which links the polysaccharide to protein. This enabled the distribution of 3H into specific galactose residues within the linkage oligosaccharide to be determined. Most of the 3H label (65%) was released as free galactose although 35% was recovered as GlcA-Gal. Similar experiments performed with unlabelled phenyl-beta-galactoside and [14C]galactose yielded 14C-labelled GlcA-Gal as a major product. We conclude that beta-galactosides initiate chondroitin sulphate synthesis primarily by serving as substrates for galactosyl transferase II.

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P6501
Phenyl-β-D-galactopyranoside, ≥98% (TLC)
C12H16O6