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European journal of pharmacology

Colonic submucosal 5-HT(3) receptor-mediated somatostatin-dependent secretoinhibitory pathway is suppressed in water-immersion restraint stressed rats.


PMID 21291881

Abstract

We have demonstrated that the activation of 5-hydroxytryptamine (5-HT) receptor 3 in the submucosal plexus suppresses 5-HT-induced colonic ion secretion by increasing submucosal somatostatin release. A number of psychological and physical stresses have impacts on the intestinal mucosal functions, including secretion and the epithelial barrier. Whether the 5-HT(3) receptor-mediated somatostatin-dependent secretoinhibitory pathway in the rat distal colon is involved in the stress process is still unknown. The present study aims to investigate the effect of the water-immersion restraint stress on this inhibitory pathway and its underlying mechanisms. Mucosa/submucosa preparations from the rat distal colon were mounted in the Ussing chambers for the measurement of short-circuit current (I(SC)). Real-time PCR and western blot were performed to study the expression of the 5-HT(3) receptor, 5-HT(4) receptor, and somatostatin receptor 2. Radioimmunoassay was used to measure somatostatin release. After 2h of water-immersion restraint stress, the membrane resistance (Rte) of rat mucosa/submucosa preparations was significantly decreased, but the baseline I(SC) and 5-HT-induced I(SC) responses were significantly increased. The protein expression of the submucosal 5-HT(3) receptors and mucosal somatostatin receptor 2 were down-regulated, and the 5-HT-induced somatostatin release from the mucosa/submucosa preparations was significantly reduced in the stress group. Taken together, these results suggest that the 5-HT(3) receptor-mediated somatostatin-dependent secretoinhibitory pathway is suppressed in the water-immersion restraint stressed rats, which may contribute to the acute stress-induced increase in colonic secretion.