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Biochemical and biophysical research communications

Sex differences in expression and subcellular localization of heart rhythm determinant proteins.


PMID 21296051

Abstract

To evaluate sex differences in protein expression in the heart, we performed Western blot studies on a subset of Heart Rhythm Determinant (HRD) proteins. We examined key components of a variety of types of mechanical and electrical junctions including, connexin43, plakophilin-2, N-cadherin and plakoglobin, ankyrin-2 and actin. We describe novel findings in sex differences in cardiac protein expression and membrane localization. For most proteins examined, sex differences were significantly more pronounced in the membrane compartment than in overall expression. These studies extend our previous findings in microarray studies to demonstrate that sex differences in gene expression are likely to confer distinct functional properties on male and female myocardium.