European journal of pharmacology

Acidosis induces relaxation mediated by nitric oxide and potassium channels in rat thoracic aorta.

PMID 21300058


We investigated the mechanism by which extracellular acidification promotes relaxation in rat thoracic aorta. The relaxation response to HCl-induced extracellular acidification (7.4 to 6.5) was measured in aortic rings pre-contracted with phenylephrine (Phe, 10(-6) M) or KCl (45mM). The vascular reactivity experiments were performed in endothelium-intact and denuded rings, in the presence or absence of indomethacin (10(-5) M), L-NAME (10(-4) M), apamin (10(-6) M), and glibenclamide (10(-5) M). The effect of extracellular acidosis (pH 7.0 and 6.5) on nitric oxide (NO) production was evaluated in isolated endothelial cells loaded with diaminofluorescein-FM diacetate (DAF-FM DA, 5μM). The extracellular acidosis failed to induce any changes in the vascular tone of aortic rings pre-contracted with KCl, however, it caused endothelium-dependent and independent relaxation in rings pre-contracted with Phe. This acidosis induced-relaxation was inhibited by L-NAME, apamin, and glibenclamide, but not by indomethacin. The acidosis (pH 7.0 and 6.5) also promoted a time-dependent increase in the NO production by the isolated endothelial cells. These results suggest that extracellular acidosis promotes vasodilation mediated by NO, K(ATP) and SK(Ca), and maybe other K(+) channels in isolated rat thoracic aorta.

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