EMAIL THIS PAGE TO A FRIEND

Bioscience, biotechnology, and biochemistry

A mechanistic analysis of enzymatic degradation of organohalogen compounds.


PMID 21307570

Abstract

Enzymes that catalyze the conversion of organohalogen compounds have been attracting a great deal of attention, partly because of their possible applications in environmental technology and the chemical industry. We have studied the mechanisms of enzymatic degradation of various organic halo acids. In the reaction of L-2-haloacid dehalogenase and fluoroacetate dehalogenase, the carboxylate group of the catalytic aspartate residue nucleophilically attacked the α-carbon atom of the substrates to displace the halogen atom. In the reaction catalyzed by DL-2-haloacid dehalogenase, a water molecule directly attacked the substrate to displace the halogen atom. In the course of studies on the metabolism of 2-chloroacrylate, we discovered two new enzymes. 2-Haloacrylate reductase catalyzed the asymmetric reduction of 2-haloacrylate to produce L-2-haloalkanoic acid in an NADPH-dependent manner. 2-Haloacrylate hydratase catalyzed the hydration of 2-haloacrylate to produce pyruvate. The enzyme is unique in that it catalyzes the non-redox reaction in an FADH(2)-dependent manner.

Related Materials

Product #

Image

Description

Molecular Formula

Add to Cart

35399
Clencyclohexerol hydrochloride, VETRANAL, analytical standard
C14H20Cl2N2O2 · HCl