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Shika zairyo, kikai = Journal of the Japanese Society for Dental Materials and Devices

[A novel reactive polymer bonding composite resin to ground tooth substrates].


PMID 2134817

Abstract

Methyl methacrylate (MMA)-p-styrene sulfonic acid copolymer (MS) was prepared and its adhesion to ground tooth substrates was evaluated. MS is crosslinked with Ca2+ supplied by hydroxyapatite in the smeared layer on the ground enamel and dentin, and sticks to their surface. The adhesion mechanism of MS is quite different from that of interpenetration and polymerization of monomers. The bonding strength of MMA-TBB resin to the tooth treated with an aqueous solution of MS was 11-12 MPa but that of MMA-BPO.DMPT resin was only 2.5 M Pa. Free sulfonic acids remaining in the immobilized MS disturbed the initiation of polymerization in MMA-BPO.DMPT resin. A photocurable liner, triethylene glycol dimethacrylate (TEGDMA) activated by d,l-comphorquinone (CQ), N-phenylglycine (NPG), which was polymerized in an acidic condition by irradiation, was chosen to obtain a high bond strength to the cross-linked MS on the tooth. The bond strength of TEGDMA-CQ.NPG on the tooth treated with an aqueous mixture of 10 wt% MS 7 (MMA: 70 mol%, p-styrene sulfonic acid: 30 mol%) and FeCl3 ([Fe3+]/[SO3-] = 0.28) was 10-11 MPa. The observation of the fractured surface after the tensile test and interface between precipitated MS and tooth indicated that the liner did not interpenetrate into the dentin through the immobilized MS on the tooth. These results indicated that the polymer reaction of MS with Ca2+ was important in the adhesion. In conclusion, MS is a reactive polyelectrolyte which adheres well to tooth substrates and prevents pulp irritation by hindering the penetration of the monomer.