Molecular vision

Antiproliferative property of hexadecyloxypropyl 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy) ethyl] guanine (HDP-PMEG) for unwanted ocular proliferation.

PMID 21386925


To investigate the safety and inhibitory effects of hexadecyloxypropyl 9-[2-(phosphonomethoxy) ethyl] guanine (HDP-PMEG) on ocular cell proliferation and collagen matrix contraction. For the antiproliferation studies, various ocular cell monolayers were exposed to HDP-PMEG, PMEG, 5-fluorouracil (5-FU), and daunorubicin (DNB). For the collagen contraction studies, retinal pigment epithelium (RPE) cells seeded onto type I collagen lattices were exposed for a single 5- or 50-min period to various concentrations of HDP-PMEG or 5-FU. For the cytotoxicity study, trypan blue exclusion tests were performed using a human Müller cell line. Cytotoxicity was determined up to 4 days after treatment. The proliferation of RPE cells, scleral fibroblasts, vessel endothelial cells, and ocular melanoma cells can all be significantly inhibited by HDP-PMEG. Its inhibitory effects on those cells were uniformly stronger than that of 5-FU. Contraction of the collagen matrix containing RPE cells was significantly inhibited by HDP-PMEG and by 5-FU at concentrations of 20 µM and 2,000 µM, respectively, as compared with controls (p<0.05). The safety profile of HDP-PMEG was significantly better than 5-FU and daunorubicin. The ocular therapeutic index is 1,100 for HDP-PMEG, 17.2 for 5-FU, and 1.25 for daunorubicin. HDP-PMEG possesses a significant inhibitory effect on the proliferation of RPE, retinal glial cells, scleral fibroblasts, and ocular melanoma cells. HDP-PMEG is also genotoxic and may be used as a single short application for the modulation of unwanted ocular proliferation.