Journal of neuroscience research

Spontaneously immortalized Schwann cells from adult Fischer rat as a valuable tool for exploring neuron-Schwann cell interactions.

PMID 21394758


We established spontaneously immortalized Schwann cell lines from long-term cultures of adult Fischer 344 rat dorsal root ganglia (DRG) and peripheral nerves. One of these cell lines, designated immortalized Fischer rat Schwann cells 1 (IFRS1), showed spindle-shaped morphology; immunoreactivity for S100, p75 neurotrophin receptor (p75(NTR) ), glial fibrillary acidic protein (GFAP), laminin, and vimentin; and mRNA expression of neurotrophic factors (NGF, GDNF, and CNTF), neurotrophin receptors (p75(NTR) , truncated TrkB, and TrkC), cell adhesion molecules (L1, NCAM, and N-cadherin), myelin proteins [P0, PMP22, and myelin-associated glycoprotein (MAG)], transcription factors (Krox20, Sox10, and Oct6), neuregulin-1 receptors (ErbB2 and ErbB3), and an orphan G protein-coupled receptor (Gpr126). Conditioned medium (CM) obtained from IFRS1 cells exhibited potent biological activity for the promotion of neuronal survival and neurite outgrowth of cultured adult rat DRG neurons. Furthermore, light and electron microscopic analyses revealed that IFRS1 cells were capable of myelinating neurites while in coculture with adult rat DRG neurons. These findings indicate that IFRS1 cells possess some biological properties of mature Schwann cells and that the coculture system with adult DRG neurons and IFRS1 cells can be a useful tool for the study of peripheral nerve degeneration and regeneration.

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