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Protein and peptide letters

Formation of vesicles through solvent assisted self-assembly of hydrophobic pentapeptides: encapsulation and pH responsive release of dyes by the vesicles.


PMID 21443496

Abstract

In the biomimetic design two hydrophobic pentapetides Boc-Ile-Aib-Leu-Phe-Ala-OMe (I) and Boc-Gly-Ile-Aib-Leu-Phe-OMe (II) (Aib: α-aminoisobutyric acid) containing one Aib each are found to undergo solvent assisted self-assembly in methanol/water to form vesicular structures, which can be disrupted by simple addition of acid. The nanovesicles are found to encapsulate dye molecules that can be released by the addition of acid as confirmed by fluorescence microscopy and UV studies. The influence of solvent polarity on the morphology of the materials generated from the peptides has been examined systematically, and shows that fibrillar structures are formed in less polar chloroform/petroleum ether mixture and vesicular structures are formed in more polar methanol/water. Single crystal X-ray diffraction studies reveal that while β-sheet mediated self-assembly leads to the formation of fibrillar structures, the solvated β-sheet structure leads to the formation of vesicular structures. The results demonstrate that even hydrophobic peptides can generate vesicular structures from polar solvent which may be employed in model studies of complex biological phenomena.

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850993
2-Aminoisobutyric acid, 98%
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