Advances in experimental medicine and biology

Antioxidant properties of select radiation mitigators based on semicarbazone and pyrazole derivatives of curcumin.

PMID 21445800


Fifty-eight semicarbazone and pyrazole derivatives of curcumin have been developed as potential mitigation agents to treat acute radiation syndrome (ARS). Pyridyl (D12, D13), furyl (D56), and phenyl (D68) derivatives of curcumin semi-carbazones were found to provide the highest dose modifying factors (DMF) with respect to survival in sub-TBI (bone marrow sparing) exposures in mouse models. To investigate the basis for the mitigating effects of these agents on ARS, we examined their oxidation potentials and radical scavenging properties in comparison to other semicarbazone and pyrazole curcumin derivatives with less effective DMFs. Comparisons between D12, D13, D56, and D68 and other semicarbazone and pyrazole derivatives of curcumin did not show a sufficient difference in reducing properties and hydrogen atom donating properties for these properties to be the basis of the dose modifying activities of these compounds. Therefore, their DMFs likely reflect structure-activity relationship(s),wherein interaction with key receptors or alteration of enzyme expression result in modifications of cellular or tissue responses to radiation, rather than on the derivatives' ability to modify radiation-induced flux of free radicals through direct interaction with these radicals.