Free radical biology & medicine

A method for detection of 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal adducts in proteins.

PMID 21457776


We developed a procedure to measure 4-hydroxy-2-nonenal (HNE)-amino acid adducts using the fluorescent probe 2-aminopyridine (2-AP). The method is based on the fact that HNE forms Michael addition-type amino acid adducts possessing an aldehyde functionality, which upon reaction with 2-AP in the presence of NaBH₃CN can be converted to their pyridylaminated derivatives. The HNE-amino acid adducts, namely Michael addition-type HNE-cysteine, HNE-histidine, and HNE-lysine adducts, after pyridylamination were resistant to conventional acid-hydrolysis conditions for protein (6N HCl/110°C/24 h) and could be detected by HPLC with a fluorescence detector. The reductive amination-based fluorescent labeling of HNE adducts is a simple and accurate technique that may be widely used to reveal increased levels of covalently modified proteins with HNE and its related aldehydes during aging and disease.