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Phytochemistry

Solanesol: added value from Solanaceous waste.


PMID 21459392

Abstract

Isoprenoids, also known as terpenoids, are the largest and oldest class of natural products known. They are comprised of more than 40,000 different molecules all biosynthetically related via a common five carbon building block (isopentenyl). Many isoprenoids are of commercial interest and are used as fragrances in cosmetics and flavours, colorants and nutritional supplements in foods and feeds as well as being phytomedicines. Their industrial relevance also means they are compounds of high value with global markets in the range of $1 billion per annum. Solanesol is a 45-carbon, unsaturated, all-trans-nonaprenol isoprenoid of high value. Recently this molecule has received particular attention because of its utility, both in its own right and as a precursor in the production of numerous compounds used in the treatment of disease states. Instability in supply and spiralling costs have also lead to the search for sources. In this article existing sources and the potential strategies and tools available to create sustainable biosources are reviewed.

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S8754
Solanesol from tobacco, ≥90% (HPLC)
C45H74O