The Journal of organic chemistry

Calorimetric and computational study of the thermochemistry of phenoxyphenols.

PMID 21486007


Thermodynamic properties of 3- and 4-phenoxyphenol have been determined by using a combination of calorimetric and effusion techniques as well as by high-level ab initio molecular orbital calculations. The standard (p° = 0.1 MPa) molar enthalpies of formation in the condensed and gas states, Δ(f)H(m)°(cr or l) and Δ(f)H(m)°(g), at T = 298.15 K, of 3- and 4-phenoxyphenol were derived from their energies of combustion in oxygen, measured by a static bomb calorimeter, and from the enthalpies of vaporization or sublimation derived respectively by Calvet microcalorimetry for the 3-phenoxyphenol and by Knudsen effusion technique for the 4-phenoxyphenol. The theoretically estimated gas-phase enthalpies of formation were calculated from high-level ab initio molecular orbital calculations at the G3(MP2)//B3LYP level of theory. Furthermore, this composite approach was also used to obtain information about the gas-phase acidities, gas-phase basicities, proton and electron affinities, adiabatic ionization enthalpies, and, finally, O−H bond dissociation enthalpies. The good agreement between the G3MP2B3-derived values and the experimental gas-phase enthalpies of formation for the 3- and 4-phenoxyphenol gives confidence to the estimate concerning the 2-phenoxyphenol isomer, which was not experimentally studied, and to the estimates concerning the radical and the anion. Additionally, the experimental values of gas-phase enthalpies of formation were also compared with estimates based on the empirical scheme developed by Cox.

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3-Phenoxyphenol, 98%