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Chirality

Chiral separation of D,L-mandelic acid through cellulose membranes.


PMID 21488105

Abstract

This work reports the chiral separation of D,L-mandelic acid with cellulose membranes. Cellulose was chosen as membrane material because it possesses multichiral carbon atoms in its molecular structure unit. The flux and permselective properties of membrane using aqueous solutions of D,L-mandelic acid as feed solution was studied. The top surface and cross-section morphology of the resulting membrane were examined by scanning electron microscopy. When the membrane was prepared with 8.1 wt % cellulose and 8.1 wt % LiCl in the DMA casting solution, and the operating pressure and feed concentration of racemate were 0.0125 MPa and 0.5 mg/ml, respectively, over 90% of enantiomeric excess could be obtained. This is the first report that the cellulose membrane is used for isolating the optical isomers of D,L-mandelic acid. Chirality, 2011.