The Journal of cell biology

Isoform-specific targeting of PKA to multivesicular bodies.

PMID 21502359


Although RII protein kinase A (PKA) regulatory subunits are constitutively localized to discrete cellular compartments through binding to A-kinase-anchoring proteins (AKAPs), RI subunits are primarily diffuse in the cytoplasm. In this paper, we report a novel AKAP-dependent localization of RIα to distinct organelles, specifically, multivesicular bodies (MVBs). This localization depends on binding to AKAP11, which binds tightly to free RIα or RIα in complex with catalytic subunit (holoenzyme). However, recruitment to MVBs occurs only with the release of PKA catalytic subunit (PKAc). This recruitment is reversed by reassociation with PKAc, and it is disrupted by the presence of AKAP peptides, mutations in the RIα AKAP-binding site, or knockdown of AKAP11. Cyclic adenosine monophosphate binding not only unleashes active PKAc but also leads to the targeting of AKAP11:RIα to MVBs. Therefore, we show that the RIα holoenzyme is part of a signaling complex with AKAP11, in which AKAP11 may direct RIα functionality after disassociation from PKAc. This model defines a new paradigm for PKA signaling.

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EMU185981 MISSION® esiRNA, esiRNA targeting mouse Akap11