Bioresource technology

Purification, amino acid sequence and characterization of the class IIa bacteriocin weissellin A, produced by Weissella paramesenteroides DX.

PMID 21511463


Weissella paramesenteroides DX has been shown to produce a 4450-Da class IIa bacteriocin, weissellin A, composed of 43 amino acids with the sequence KNYGNGVYCNKHKCSVDWATFSANIANNSVAMAGLTGGNAGN. The bacteriocin shares 68% similarity with leucocin C from Leuconostoc mesenteroides. Computational analyses predict that the bacteriocin is a hydrophobic molecule with a beta-sheet type conformation. Weissellin A exhibited various levels of activity against all gram-positive bacteria tested, but was not active against Salmonella enterica Enteritidis. The antimicrobial activity was not associated with target-cell lysis. The bacteriocin retained activity after exposure to 121°C for 60 min or to -20°C for 6months, and to pH 2.0-10.0. It was not sensitive to trypsin, α-chymotrypsin, pepsin and papain, but was inactivated by proteinase K. At a dissolved oxygen concentration of 50%, weissellin A was produced with growth-associated kinetics. The properties of weissellin A make this bacteriocin a potentially suitable agent for food and feed preservation.