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The Journal of biological chemistry

p53 negatively regulates RGS13 protein expression in immune cells.


PMID 21531726

Abstract

RGS13, a member of the regulator of G protein signaling (RGS) family, inhibits G protein-coupled receptor signaling in B cells and mast cells (MCs) and suppresses IgE-antigen-induced MC degranulation and anaphylaxis. Although RGS13 expression is induced by immune receptor and chemokine receptor stimulation, the molecular regulation of RGS13 transcription is unknown. Here, we investigated the role of two p53 response elements (REs) in the regulation of RGS13 promoter activity and expression. We found that a 1000-bp DNA fragment upstream of the ATG translation start site (TSS) had promoter activity in reporter gene assays, and deletion or mutation of a p53-binding motif nearest the TSS abolished promoter activity. Notably, p53 bound to both REs in the RGS13 promoter in vivo as assessed by chromatin immunoprecipitation, suggesting that the p53 RE most distal to the TSS is physiologically inactive. We detected reduced RGS13 expression in MCs exogenously expressing p53 or treated with doxorubicin, which induces genotoxic stress and leads to p53 accumulation. RNA silencing of p53 up-regulated RGS13 expression in B lymphocytes, and bone marrow-derived MCs from p53(-/-) mice had increased RGS13 expression. Finally, p53-depleted B cells with increased RGS13 expression had reduced Ca(2+) mobilization in response to sphingosine 1-phosphate. These studies indicate that p53 may modulate immune responses through suppression of RGS13 transcription in MCs and B cells.

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