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Journal of biomedicine & biotechnology

Synthesis and evaluation of amino acid-based radiotracer 99mTc-N4-AMT for breast cancer imaging.


PMID 21541217

Abstract

This study was to develop an efficient synthesis of (99m)Tc-O-[3-(1,4,8,11-tetraazabicyclohexadecane)-propyl]-α-methyl tyrosine ((99m)Tc-N4-AMT) and evaluate its potential in cancer imaging. N4-AMT was synthesized by reacting N4-oxalate and 3-bromopropyl AMT (N-BOC, ethyl ester). In vitro cellular uptake kinetics of (99m)Tc-N4-AMT was assessed in rat mammary tumor cells. Tissue distribution of the radiotracer was determined in normal rats at 0.5-4 h, while planar imaging was performed in mammary tumor-bearing rats at 30-120 min. The total synthesis yield of N4-AMT was 14%. Cellular uptake of (99m)Tc-N4-AMT was significantly higher than that of (99m)Tc-N4. Planar imaging revealed that (99m)Tc-N4-AMT rendered greater tumor/muscle ratios than (99m)Tc-N4. N4-AMT could be synthesized with a considerably high yield. Our in vitro and in vivo data suggest that (99m)Tc-N4-AMT, a novel amino acid-based radiotracer, efficiently enters breast cancer cells, effectively distinguishes mammary tumors from normal tissues, and thus holds the promise for breast cancer imaging.

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