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Journal of bone and mineral research : the official journal of the American Society for Bone and Mineral Research

Unique roles of phosphorus in endochondral bone formation and osteocyte maturation.


PMID 21542006

Abstract

The mechanisms by which inorganic phosphate (P(i)) homeostasis controls bone biology are poorly understood. Here we used Dmp1 null mice, a hypophosphatemic rickets/osteomalacia model, combined with a metatarsal organ culture and an application of neutralizing fibroblast growth factor 23 (FGF-23) antibodies to gain insight into the roles of P(i) in bone biology. We showed (1) that abnormal bone remodeling in Dmp1 null mice is due to reduced osteoclast number, which is secondary to a reduced ratio of RANKL/OPG expressed by osteoclast supporting cells and (2) that osteoblast extracellular matrix mineralization, growth plate maturation, secondary ossification center formation, and osteoblast differentiation are phosphate-dependent. Finally, a working hypothesis is proposed to explain how phosphate and DMP1 control osteocyte maturation.