The journal of physical chemistry. B

Structure of mixed phosphatidylethanolamine and cholesterol monolayers in a supported hybrid bilayer membrane studied by sum frequency generation vibrational spectroscopy.

PMID 21542565


The structure of hybrid bilayer membranes (HBMs) containing either a pure cholesterol or mixed cholesterol/dipalmitoylphosphatidylethanolamine (DPPE) proximal layer adsorbed onto an octadecanethiol (ODT) self-assembled monolayer (SAM) on a gold substrate have been investigated by sum frequency generation (SFG) spectroscopy. The HBMs were formed by the adsorption of either a pure cholesterol or mixed DPPE/cholesterol monolayer from the air/water interface of a Langmuir-Blodgett trough at surface pressures of 1, 20, or 40 mN·m(-1). SFG spectra were also recorded of HBMs where cholesterol was replaced by cholesterol-d(7), in which the terminal isopropyl group of the alkyl chain of cholesterol was isotopically labeled. In order to isolate the contribution to the SFG spectra from the cholesterol in the mixed cholesterol/phospholipid films, DPPE-d was used, in which the alkyl chains of the phospholipid were deuterated. The infrared spectra of solvent-cast cholesterol and cholesterol-d(7) films were recorded to aid with assignment of the SFG spectra of the HBMs. Features corresponding to methyl, methylene, and methine stretches of cholesterol were identified in the SFG spectra. Information on the polar orientation of SFG-active groups was obtained from the phases of the spectral features. The structure of the HBMs showed little dependence on the surface pressure at which they were formed. SFG spectra of HBMs with a mixed cholesterol/DPPE proximal layer were very similar to the spectra of HBMs with a pure cholesterol proximal layer, although the features in the spectra were more intense than anticipated for a film with half the number of cholesterol molecules, indicating that DPPE did have some effect on the orientation of cholesterol molecules in the film.

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1,2-Dipalmitoyl-rac-glycero-3-phosphoethanolamine, synthetic, ≥98%