Journal of neurochemistry

β-N-oxalyl-L-α,β-diaminopropionic acid regulates mitogen-activated protein kinase signaling by down-regulation of phosphatidylethanolamine-binding protein 1.

PMID 21554319


β-N-Oxalyl-L-α,β-diaminopropionic acid (l-ODAP) an α-amino-3-hydroxy-5-methyl-4-isoxazole propionic acid (AMPA) receptor agonist activates protein kinase C in white leghorn chick brain. The current study focuses on the protein kinase C downstream signaling targets associated with L-ODAP excitotoxicity in SK-N-MC human neuroblastoma cells and white leghorn male chick (Gallus domesticus) brain extracts. L-ODAP treatment in SK-N-MC cells (1.5 mM) and chicks (0.5 mg/g body weight) results in a decreased expression and increased phosphorylation of phosphatidylehthanolamine-binding protein 1 (PEBP1) up to 4 h which however, returns to normal by 8 h. D-ODAP, the non-toxic enantiomer however, did not affect PEBP1 levels in either chick brain or SK-N-MC cells. Decreased PEBP1 expression correlated with subsequent activation of Raf-1, MEK and ERK signaling components of the mitogen-activated protein kinase cascade and nuclear translocation of hypoxia inducible factor-1α (HIF-1α) in chick brain nuclear extracts and SK-N-MC cells. SK-N-MC cells over-expressing PEBP1 inhibited nuclear translocation of HIF-1α when treated with l-ODAP, indicating that down-regulation of PEBP1 is responsible for HIF-1α stabilization and nuclear localization. Excitotoxicity of L-ODAP may thus be the result of phosphorylation and down-regulation of PEBP1, a crucial signaling protein regulating diverse signaling cascades. L-ODAP induced convulsions and seizures in chicks could be the result of a hypoxic insult to brain.

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β-ODAP, ≥98% (HPLC)