Journal of cardiovascular pharmacology

Effects of sepiapterin infusion on renal oxygenation and early acute renal injury after suprarenal aortic clamping in rats.

PMID 21562427


Acute kidney injury (AKI) can occur after aortic clamping due to microvascular dysfunction leading to renal hypoxia. In this rat study, we have tested the hypothesis that the administration of the precursor of the nitric oxide synthase essential cofactor tetrahydrobiopterin (BH4) could restore renal oxygenation after ischemia reperfusion (I/R) and prevent AKI. We randomly distributed rats into 4 groups: sham group; ischemia-reperfusion group; I/R + sepiapterin, the precursor of BH4; and I/R + sepiapterin + methotrexate, an inhibitor of the pathway generating BH4 from sepiapterin. Cortical and outer medullary microvascular oxygen pressure, renal oxygen delivery, renal oxygen consumption were measured using dual-wavelength oxygen-dependent quenching phosphorescence techniques during ischemia and throughout 3 hours of reperfusion. Kidney injury was assessed using myeloperoxidase staining for leukocyte infiltration and urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin levels. Ischemia reperfusion induced a drop in microvascular PO2 (P < 0.01 vs. Sham, both), which was prevented by the infusion of sepiapterin. Sepiapterin partially prevented the rise in renal oxygen extraction (P < 0.001 vs. I/R). Finally, treatment with sepiapterin prevented renal infiltration by inflammatory cells and decreased urine neutrophil gelatinase-associated lipocalin levels indicating a decrease of renal injury. These effects were blunted when adding methotrexate, except for myeloperoxidase. In conclusion, the administration of sepiapterin can prevent renal hypoxia and AKI after suprarenal aortic clamping in rats.

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Sepiapterin, solid