Experimental dermatology

A protective role of complement component 3 in T cell-mediated skin inflammation.

PMID 21569105


Keratinocytes synthesize complement component 3 (C3) constitutively, and increased expression of C3 has been described during skin inflammation. In this study, we investigated the role of C3 in T cell-mediated allergic contact dermatitis, which is a clinical manifestation of contact sensitivity (CS). C3-deficient mice (C3KO) showed substantial higher CS responses to haptens, inducing a Th1 cytokine-mediated skin inflammation (2,4-dinitrofluorobenzene and dinitrochlorobenzene), and to haptens known to induce a Th2-polarized inflammatory response (fluoro-isothiocynate and toluene-2,4-diisocyanate) as compared to their wild-type (WT) controls. There was a higher influx of GR-1(+) , CD4(+) , and CD8(+) cells into the skin of hapten-treated C3KO mice compared with WT mice. Activated splenocytes from C3KO mice immunized with DNCB secreted higher amounts of IFN-γ compared with WT controls but not of Th2 (IL-4, IL-5, and IL-10) cytokines or IL-17. A higher secretion of IL-12 from splenocytes of C3KO mice as compared with WT mice was observed after TLR-4 ligand (LPS) or TLR-2 ligand (peptidoglycan) stimulation. Thus, an increased expression of IL-12 and of IFN-γ may be responsible for the increased hapten-induced inflammation in C3 deficiency. Finally, we demonstrated that C3KO mice developed oral tolerance to haptens to a lower degree than WT mice. Our findings provide a new insight into a novel anti-inflammatory role of C3 in skin inflammation.

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Toluene 2,4-diisocyanate, purum, for electron microscopy, ≥98.0% (GC)