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Pharmaceutical research

Improvement of cerebral metabolism mediated by Ro5-4864 is associated with relief of intracranial pressure and mitochondrial protective effect in experimental brain injury.


PMID 21584844

Abstract

To investigate the possible impact of reduction of mitochondrial membrane permeabilization by modulation of the 18 kDa translocator protein mediated by Ro5-4864 over post-traumatic cerebral edema and metabolic crisis. Cerebral microdialysis and intracranial pressure (ICP) monitoring were performed in Sprague-Dawley rats treated by intraperitoneal injection of either dimethylsulfoxide (vehicle) or Ro5-4864 following cortical contusion and further correlated with quantitative assessment of mitochondrial damage, water content in the injured tissue, modified neurological severity score, and lesion size. Ro5-4864 resulted in a profound decrease in ICP that correlated with improved cerebral metabolism characterized by significantly higher glucose and pyruvate and lower lactate concentrations in the pericontusional area in comparison with vehicle-treated animals. Reduced ICP correlated with reduced water content in the injured tissue; improved metabolism was associated with reduced mitochondrial damage evidenced by electron microscopy. Both effects were associated with a profound and significant reduction in glycerol release and lesion size, and correlated with improved neurological recovery. The present study shows that Ro5-4864 has a favorable effect on the fate of injured brain, presumably mediated by improvement of metabolism. It further suggests that improvement of metabolism may contribute to ICP relief.

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