Journal of chromatography

Rapid assay for hard tissue collagen cross-links using isocratic ion-pair reversed-phase liquid chromatography.

PMID 2159959


Following a detailed study, a rapid and sensitive assay for the naturally fluorescent collagen cross-links pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline has been developed using ion-pair reversed-phase high-performance liquid chromatography in the presence of 1-octanesulphonic acid (OSA). Pyridinoline and deoxypyridinoline were separated on an Exsil 100 ODS, 5-microns column (100 mm X 4.6 mm I.D.) using 25 mM sodium formate, 5 mM OSA and 1 mM ethylenediaminetetraacetic acid adjusted to pH 3.25, containing 20% (v/v) methanol. The mobile phase flow-rate was 1.5 ml/min. Compounds were detected by their natural fluorescence (xenon lamp; excitation wavelength 290 nm, emission wavelength 400 nm). Peak areas were linear to 25 pmol injected for pyridinoline and 20 pmol injected for deoxypyridinoline (r = 0.99). Intra-assay coefficients of variation for urinary extracts were 7.65 and 9.07% (n = 10), respectively. Limit of detection (signal-to-noise ratio = 5) was 200 fmol injected. Quantification of the cross-links in acid hydrolysates and human urine samples was possible in under 15 min.