Drug development and industrial pharmacy

Reviewing the use of ethylcellulose, methylcellulose and hypromellose in microencapsulation. Part 2: Techniques used to make microcapsules.

PMID 21615294


This three-part review has been developed following the evaluation of literature where ethylcellulose, methylcellulose or hypromellose was used to make microcapsules. Parts 1 and 3 of the review are published as separate papers. Part 1 covers the various materials used to formulate microcapsules, and Part 3 covers the various end-use applications for microcapsules. In the current paper, Part 2 covers the techniques used to make microcapsules. Examples of techniques to be covered include temperature-induced phase separation, emulsion solvent evaporation, solvent evaporation, film coating, nonsolvent addition and spray drying. It is hoped that formulators can use Part 2 to understand how to formulate microcapsules using these encapsulating polymers. SciFinder was utilized to perform the literature search. SciFinder leverages literature databases, such as Chemical Abstracts Service Registry and Medline. A total of 379 references were identified during the review. The need for a three-part review reflects the extensive amount of literature identified concerning these three encapsulating polymers.

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Hypromellose, United States Pharmacopeia (USP) Reference Standard