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Liver transplantation : official publication of the American Association for the Study of Liver Diseases and the International Liver Transplantation Society

Industrial stabilizers caprylate and N-acetyltryptophanate reduce the efficacy of albumin in liver patients.


PMID 21618691

Abstract

Liver failure is associated with an accumulation of toxic molecules that exert an affinity to albumin. Some of them have vasoactive activity. So far, albumin has been used as a plasma expander to improve the available circulating blood volume. However, recent studies have suggested that albumin is more effective than starch for this indication. It has not been reported yet whether the industrial stabilizers octanoate and N-acetyltryptophanate, added to albumin, occupy binding sites for vasoactive substances. The aim of this study was to determine whether the presence of the industrial stabilizers octanoate and caprylate has an impact on the effect of the albumin-binding function or circulating blood volume in patients with cirrhosis, portal hypertension, and an indication for albumin. In 25 patients who received albumin via an inline infusion filter that depleted stabilizers, there was an improvement of albumin binding, and there was less deterioration of circulating blood volume and renal function in comparison with a control group. Further studies are needed to confirm the results and identify the potential socioeconomic side effects of industrial stabilizers in commercial albumin solutions.

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