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Journal of veterinary pharmacology and therapeutics

Molecular and functional identification of organic anion transporter isoforms in cultured bovine mammary epithelial cells (BME-UV).


PMID 21623837

Abstract

Mammary epithelial cells express a diversity of membrane transporters including members of organic cation and organic anion (OAT) transporter subfamilies. Four mammal OAT isoforms have been identified: OAT-1, OAT-2, OAT-3, and OAT-4. The pharmacological significance of OAT isoforms has been emphasized because of their role in the movement of a wide variety of substrates across epithelial barriers. The present study identified (molecularly and functionally) bovine OAT isoforms in bovine mammary epithelial (BME-UV) cells. mRNA expression levels of all tested transporters in BME-UV cells were less than expression levels of the corresponding transporters in bovine kidney. Directionality in the flux of P-aminohippuric acid and acetylsalicylate, compounds known to interact with OAT-1 and OAT-2, respectively, across BME-UV monolayers was not observed at the concentrations used in this study. Directionality was, however, observed in the flux of estrone sulfate (EsS). Adding probenecid, penicillin G or nonradiolabeled EsS to the apical donor compartment significantly increased the apical-to-basolateral flux of EsS across the BME-UV monolayer. These results suggest that BME-UV cells express an organic anion transport system, making it a potentially useful model to study the role of this transport system in the mammary epithelial barrier.

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