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Cross-link formation between mutant galectins of Caenorhabditis elegans with a substituted cysteine residue and asialofetuin via a photoactivatable bifunctional reagent.


PMID 21628898

Abstract

LEC-1 is the first tandem repeat-type galectin isolated from an animal system; this galectin has two carbohydrate recognition domains in a single polypeptide chain. Because its two lectin domains have different sugar-binding profiles, these domains are thought to interact with different carbohydrate ligands. In our previous study, we showed that a mutant of LEC-1 in which a cysteine residue was introduced at a unique position in the N-terminal lectin domain (Nh) can be cross-linked with a model glycoprotein ligand, bovine asialofetuin, by using a bifunctional photoactivatable cross-linking reagent, benzophenone-4-maleimide. In the present work, we applied the same procedure to the C-terminal lectin domain (Ch) of LEC-1. Cross-linked products were formed in the cases of two mutants in which a cysteine residue was introduced at Lys¹⁷⁷ and Ser²⁶⁸, respectively. This method is very useful for capturing and assigning endogenous ligand glycoconjugates with relatively low affinities to each carbohydrate recognition domain of the whole tandem repeat-type galectin molecule.

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