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Journal of chromatography. B, Analytical technologies in the biomedical and life sciences

UV B-irradiation enhances the racemization and isomerizaiton of aspartyl residues and production of Nε-carboxymethyl lysine (CML) in keratin of skin.


PMID 21636332

Abstract

UV-B irradiation is one of the risk factors in age-related diseases. We have reported that biologically uncommon D-β-Asp residues accumulate in proteins from sun-exposed elderly human skin. A previous study also reported that carboxymethyl lysine (CML; one of the advanced glycation end products (AGEs)) which is produced by the oxidation of glucose and peroxidation of lipid, also increases upon UV B irradiation. The formation of D-β-Asp and CML were reported as the alteration of proteins in UV B irradiated skin, independently. In this study, in order to clarify the relationship between the formation of D-β-Asp and CML, immunohistochemical analysis using anti-D-β-Asp containing peptide antibodies and anti-CML antibodies was performed in UV B irradiated mice. Immunohistochemical analyses clearly indicated that an anti-D-β-Asp containing peptide antibody and anti-CML antibody reacted at a common area in UV B irradiated skin. Western blot analyses of the proteins isolated from UV B irradiated skin demonstrated that proteins of 50-70 kDa were immunoreactive towards antibodies for both D-β-Asp containing peptide and CML. These proteins were identified by proteomic analysis as members of the keratin families including keratin-1, keratin-6B, keratin-10, and keratin-14.

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