Journal of neurochemistry

Inositol metabolism during neuroblastoma B50 cell differentiation: effects of differentiating agents on inositol uptake.

PMID 2164574


Inositol uptake was studied in the rat CNS neuroblastoma B50 cell line. Eadie-Hofstee analysis of the uptake pattern reveals two defined modes of inositol entry into the cell. The high-affinity uptake component requires the presence of extracellular sodium and is inhibited by phloridzin. Analysis of the uptake velocities of the high-affinity uptake component provided the following apparent kinetic parameters: Km = 13.7 microM and Vmax = 14.7 pmol/mg of protein/min (without correcting for residual diffusion) and Km = 12.9 microM and Vmax = 12.3 pmol/mg of protein/min (with correction). At physiological concentrations, the high-affinity transport process contributes approximately 70% to total uptake; the remainder is due to a low-affinity diffusion-like process. Uptake inhibition studies reveal that the uptake process is sensitive to ouabain, amiloride, and dichlorobenzamil inhibition but relatively insensitive to cytochalasin B or phloretin. When neuroblastoma B50 cells are induced to differentiate morphologically with high extracellular calcium or with dibutyryl cyclic AMP, a significant decrease in inositol uptake is observed. The dibutyryl cyclic AMP-mediated inhibition of uptake affects only the high-affinity uptake component and is noncompetitive in nature. The high extracellular calcium-mediated inhibition is less specific; it involves "disappearance" of the high-affinity process, some inhibition of the low-affinity process, and an increase of inositol efflux. The significance of these observations is discussed in the context of neuroblastoma B50 cell differentiation.

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B50, 85042302