Carbohydrate research

Influence of the solvent in low temperature glycosylations with O-(2,3,5,6-tetra-O-benzyl-β-D-galactofuranosyl) trichloroacetimidate for 1,2-cis α-D-galactofuranosylation.

PMID 21645887


Glycosylation studies for the construction of 1,2-cis α-linkages with O-(2,3,5,6-tetra-O-benzyl-β-D-galactofuranosyl) trichloroacetimidate (1) and several acceptors, including D-mannosyl and l-rhamnosyl derivatives were performed. The reactions were conducted at low temperatures using CH(2)Cl(2), Et(2)O, and acetonitrile as solvents. A non-participating solvent such as CH(2)Cl(2) at -78°C, favored the α-D-configuration. In contrast, acetonitrile strongly favored the β-D-configuration, whereas no selectivities were observed with Et(2)O. The use of thiophene as an additive did not enhance the α-D-selectivity as in the pyranose counterpart. Although selectivities strongly depended on the acceptor, trichloroacetimidate 1 constitutes a valuable donor for the synthesis of α-D-Galf-(1→2)-l-Rha and α-D-Galf-(1→6)-D-Man. As these motifs are present in pathogenic microorganisms, these procedures described here are useful for the straightforward synthesis of natural oligosaccharides.