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Current opinion in biotechnology

Microbial production of diols as platform chemicals: recent progresses.


PMID 21646010

Abstract

Diols are chemicals with two hydroxyl groups which have a wide range of appealing applications as chemicals and fuels. In particular, four diol compounds, namely 1,3-propanediol (1,3-PDO), 1,2-propanediol (1,2-PDO), 2,3-butanediol (2,3-BDO) and 1,4-butanediol (1,4-BDO) can be biotechnologically produced by direct microbial bioconversion of renewable materials. These diols are considered as platform green chemicals. We review and discuss here the recent development in the microbial production of these diols, especially regarding the engineering of production strains and optimization of the fermentation processes.

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