The Analyst

A novel electrochemiluminescence aptasensor for protein based on a sensitive N-(aminobutyl)-N-ethylisoluminol-functionalized gold nanoprobe.

PMID 21655607


A novel electrochemiluminescence (ECL) aptasensor for platelet-derived growth factor B chain (PDGF-BB) assay was developed by assembling N-(aminobutyl)-N-ethylisoluminol functionalized gold nanoparticles (ABEI-AuNPs) with aptamers as nanoprobes. In the protocol, the biotinylated aptamer capture probes were first immobilized on a streptavidin coated gold nanoparticle (AuNPs) modified electrode, afterwards, the target PDGF-BB and the ABEI-AuNPs tagged aptamer signal probe were successively attached to the modified electrode by virtue of the dimer structure of PDGF-BB to fabricate a "sandwich" conjugate modified electrode, i.e. an aptasensor. ECL measurement was carried out with a double-step potential in carbonate buffer solution containing H(2)O(2). The aptasensor showed high sensitivity and selectivity toward PDGF-BB and specificity toward PDGF-BB aptamer. The detection limit was as low as 2.7 × 10(-14) M. In this work, the ABEI-AuNPs synthesized by a simple seed growth method have been successfully used as aptamer labels, which greatly amplified the ECL signal by binding numbers of ABEI molecules on the surface of AuNPs. The ABEI-AuNPs signal amplification is superior to other reported signal amplification strategies based on aptamer-related polymerase chain reaction or functionalized nanoparticles in simplicity, stability, labeling property and practical applicability. And the ABEI-AuNPs based nanoprobe is more sensitive than the luminol functionalized AuNPs based nanoprobe. Moreover, such an ultra-sensitive and low-cost assay can be accomplished with a simple and fast procedure by using a simple ECL instrumentation. The aptasensor was also applied for the detection of PDGF-BB in human serum samples, showing great application potential. Given these advantages, the ECL aptasensor is well suited for the direct, sensitive and rapid detection of protein in complex clinical samples.

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N-(4-Aminobutyl)-N-ethylisoluminol, ≥90%