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Molecular and cellular endocrinology

The glucokinase activator GKA50 causes an increase in cell volume and activation of volume-regulated anion channels in rat pancreatic β-cells.


PMID 21664426

Abstract

Glucokinase plays a key role in the metabolism of glucose by pancreatic β-cells. In this study the effects of the glucokinase activator GKA50 on cell volume and electrical activity in rat β-cells were examined. One micro molar GKA50 caused an increase in β-cell volume in the presence of 4mM glucose. GKA50 also caused a depolarisation of β-cell membrane potential and increased electrical activity. These changes were associated with the activation of inward whole-cell currents, and were attenuated by the anion channel inhibitor 5-nitro-2-(3-phenylpropylamino) benzoic acid. In single channel experiments, the open probability of volume-regulated anion channels (VRAC) was increased from 0.03±0.01 to 0.19±0.04 (n=3) by the GKA50. The data suggest that a GKA50-evoked increase in glucose metabolism causes an increase in β-cell volume. This in turn activates VRAC leading to a depolarisation of the cell membrane potential.

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SML0849 GKA50, ≥98% (HPLC)
C26H28N2O6