Current medicinal chemistry

Phenylpropanoid sucrose esters: plant-derived natural products as potential leads for new therapeutics.

PMID 21671860


Natural products are regarded as vital key source of lead compounds for drug discovery due to their structural diversity and broad array of biological activities. Phenylpropanoid sucrose esters are naturally occurring compounds isolated from various plants and are structurally characterized by a sucrose core connected to one or more Ph-CH=CH-CO- moieties through an ester linkage. These compounds were extensively used in folk medicine and are found to possess many biological activities such as antitumor, antibacterial, antioxidant, antiviral, anti-inflammatory, neuro-protective and glycosidase inhibitory activities. This extensive review, which is the first of its kind on phenylpropanoid sucrose esters, aims to provide an up-to-date account of naturally occurring known phenylpropanoid sucrose esters with special focus on their sources, structures, biological and pharmacological activities.