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Chemical Society reviews

Optical methods for sensing glucose.


PMID 21674076

Abstract

This critical review covers the present state of the art in optical sensing of glucose. Following an introduction into the significance of (continuous) sensing of glucose and a brief look back, we discuss methods based on (a) monitoring the optical properties of intrinsically fluorescent or labeled enzymes, their co-enzymes and co-substrates; (b) the measurement of the products of enzymatic oxidation of glucose by glucose oxidase; (c) the use of synthetic boronic acids; (d) the use of Concanavalin A; and (e) the application of other glucose-binding proteins. We finally present an assessment in terms of the advantages and disadvantages of the various methods (237 references).