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Mutagenesis

Effect of pretreatment with hepatic mixed-function oxidase inducers on the genotoxicity of four rat carcinogens in the hepatocyte/DNA repair assay.


PMID 2169015

Abstract

Four genotoxic rat carcinogens, previously reported as negative in the standard hepatocyte/DNA repair assay, were studied in hepatocyte cultures derived from the livers of rats pretreated with the hepatic mixed-function oxidase (MFO) inducers, Aroclor (ARO) and 3-methylcholanthrene (3-MC). Cytembena and dimethyl hydrogen phosphite induced positive dose-dependent DNA repair responses in ARO- and 3-MC-pretreated cultures, while 2,4-, 2,6-toluene diisocyanate, and ziram were negative for unscheduled DNA synthesis in cultures from both pretreatments. The results from this study indicate that pretreatment with hepatic MFO inducers lowers the false-negative detection rate of various genotoxic rat carcinogens and other organ-specific genotoxins and significantly increases the sensitivity of the in vitro rat hepatocyte/DNA repair assay.

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