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Journal of drugs in dermatology : JDD

Clinical evidence for the role of a topical anti-inflammatory agent in comedonal acne: findings from a randomized study of dapsone gel 5% in combination with tazarotene cream 0.1% in patients with acne vulgaris.


PMID 21720661

Abstract

Acne pathogenesis is multifactorial and includes inflammation. Combining drugs targeting multiple components of acne pathogenesis is standard practice. To assess the safety and efficacy of dapsone gel 5%, an anti-inflammatory agent, in combination with tazarotene cream 0.1% for treatment of acne vulgaris. Patients were randomized to receive combination therapy (dapsone gel 5% twice-daily plus tazarotene cream 0.1% daily) or monotherapy (tazarotene cream 0.1% daily). Efficacy and safety data were collected after 1, 2, 4, 8, and 12 weeks of treatment. Patients in both arms (n=86, dapsone + tazarotene; n=85, tazarotene) showed significant reductions from baseline in inflammatory, noninflammatory and total lesion counts (P is less than .001 for all). At 12 weeks, patients treated with dapsone plus tazarotene showed a greater reduction from baseline in noninflammatory (comedonal) and total lesion counts than tazarotene-treated patients (noninflammatory, 59.7 percent vs. 46.5 percent, P=.01; total, 63.3% vs. 53.6%, P=.02). The percentage of patients achieving treatment success (an investigator subjective score of 0 [none] or 1 [minimal]) was greater in dapsone plus tazarotene?treated patients (42.2%) than in tazarotene-treated patients (21.8%;P=.01). Both treatments were well tolerated. Combination therapy with dapsone gel 5% plus tazarotene cream 0.1% was more effective than tazarotene monotherapy for treatment of comedonal acne. The results suggest that anti-inflammatory agents such as dapsone can effectively treat early stages of acne (both comedonal and noncomedonal) when used in combination with a retinoid.

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