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Anticancer research

The therapeutic effects of R8-liposome-BCG-CWS on BBN-induced rat urinary bladder carcinoma.


PMID 21737624

Abstract

The present gold standard for bladder cancer is Mycobacterium bovis bacillus Calmette-Guérin (BCG) immunotherapy, but serious side-effects are common. We previously reported that C3H/HeN mice vaccinated with a mixture of MBT-2 cells and artificial BCG, octaarginine-modified liposomes incorporating the cell wall of BCG (R8-liposome-BCG-CW), significantly inhibited growth of R8-liposome-BCG-CW pretreated MBT-2 cells. Our aim was to determine if a non-live bacterial agent could be as efficacious as live BCG in a model of bladder cancer. We investigated the suppressive effect of liposome-incorporating cell wall skeleton (BCG-CWS) on N-butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl) nitrosamine (BBN)-induced urinary bladder carcinogenesis in rats. F344 rats were fed with BBN and sodium ascorbate for 8 weeks, after which all rats were confirmed to have excreted atypical epithelial cells in the urine. Rats were administered BCG-CW(1.0 mg/rat) or R8-liposome-BCG-CWS (0.1 or 1.0 mg/rat) intravesically once/week for 8 weeks from week 28 to 35 of the experimental protocol. Rats receiving R8-liposome-BCG-CWS intravesically showed significantly inhibited numbers of tumors, especially those of simple hyperplasia, in comparison with the control rats. R8-liposome-BCG-CWS administration had inhibitory effects on rat bladder carcinogenesis. These results may indicate a novel adoptive immunotherapy against bladder cancers.

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B8061 N-Butyl-N-(4-hydroxybutyl)nitrosamine, ISOPAC®, ≥90% (GC)
C8H18N2O2