Analytical chemistry

Electropolymerized self-assembled layer on gold nanoparticles: detection of inducible nitric oxide synthase in neuronal cell culture.

PMID 21739944


Novel nanostructures of gold nanoparticle (AuNP) encapsulated-conductive polymer have been developed to study biosensor probe materials and utilized to detect the concentration of inducible nitric oxide synthase (iNOS). A 2,2':5',5″-terthiophene-3'-benzoic acid (TTBA) monomer was synthesized and self-assembled on gold nanoparticles (AuNPs). The size effects of the AuNPs and TTBA monomer film thickness on the electrode conductivity were examined. Anti-iNOS antibody was covalently bound on an encapsulated-AuNPs polymer layer with self-assembled TTBA. The immunocomplex formation between iNOS and anti-iNOS was directly observed by cyclic voltammetry (CV) and electrochemical impedance spectroscopy (EIS). This study looked at the applicability of the self-assembled TTBA layer where the results indicated an efficient electrochemical response toward iNOS. The calibration plot of the current response vs. iNOS concentration exhibited a linear relationship in the range of 0.001-0.02 μg/mL. The calibration sensitivity of iNOS was 59.4 ± 0.3 mV/μg mL(-1). The detection limit of iNOS was determined to be 0.20 ± 0.04 ng/mL based on five time measurements (95% confidence level, k = 3, n = 5). Further results show that AuNP-encapsulated conductive polymers are good nanostructured materials as biosensor probes and have a potential application in cell biosensors.

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2,2′:5′,2′′-Terthiophene, 99%